Acne is one of the indications showing that your skin is very sensitive and requiring a specific skincare regime to get rid of them.
To take a good care of acne skin does not require such a complicated and multi-step process or expensive products as we usually think. In fact, we just need to take a moderate care in a proper way to alleviate the acne.
If you are suffering from whiteheads, blackheads or redness, you should follow skincare routine as mentioned in the following 4 steps:
Step 1: Face cleansing
The first step in the daily skincare routine is face cleansing. If you take it for granted that your acne is triggered by dirty skin and try to make it crystal clean at all costs then you are totally wrong. Acne skin is the expression of sensitive skin! Therefore, you need to apply gentle cleansing methods and your skin will surely feel grateful to you!
If you are wearing makeup: double cleansing with cleansing oil / wax and foam cleanser will help remove all makeup layers and dirt in an efficient way without damaging the skin.
If you do not use makeup: use micellar water and gel-foam cleanser.
Note: not fully emulsifying is also an acne-forming reason. Thus, you should choose the wax-formed, easily emulsified oil to minimize this unwanted situation. In addition, the foam cleanser should be mild and moderately clean. That is, it should not contain too much detergent or have a too high pH.
After regular cleansing step, let’s start with two main steps for acne skin care. These two steps determine the results of the acne treatment, thus you have to choose a gentle, non-irritating and suitable products for your skin.
Step 2: Balancing
Using toner not only helps to temporarily moisturize the skin after cleansing but also balance the skin pH level, helping to intensify the effectiveness of treatment products. Depending on your preference or skin condition you can choose the most suitable product to your complexions. But, you should take into consideration that it must be alcohol-free product.
In addition to toner, you can also apply a mineral spray if necessary. You should choose the pure mineral spray. Many minerals contain properties that help to fight inflammation and soothe the skin.
Step 3: Topical Medication
Topical medication is the next step in acne skin care. It is a must-have step that not only helps acne “disappear” but also prevents infection from spreading to other skin area. Depending on acne type, there are different types of products correspondingly:
Whiteheads and blackheads: The most effective treatment is picking the pus/ acne ‘’head’’. ‘’Head’’of these two types is often hard and already emerged on the surface of the skin. If not taken, these types of acne will stay permanently on your skin. If getting inflammatory, the severity of the acne inflammation will get even worse.
Whiteheads: pus is lying under the skin, pores are totally clogged. Sebum and dead cells accumulate in sebaceous gland.
Blackcheads: ‘’head’’ is open. Sebum and dead cells accumulate in sebaceous gland but get oxidized and turn to black.
To speed the drying of the ‘’pus’’ for easier acne’s head picking, you can use clay mask or chemical exfoliant such as AHA / BHA. After that, with spot acne, you can pick them by yourself at home. If your acne is in serious condition you should seek help from beauty spa/clinic
Red and swelling acne, inflammatory acne: you should apply acne medication with acne-fighting active ingredients on the acne and combine with chemical exfoliating products such as AHA / BHA to clear the pores.
Cautions: Acne medications containing sulfur and benzyl peroxide, tea tree oil which tend to dry the skin should be applied only after step 4 – moisturize to minimize this dry condition.
Step 4: Moisturizing
Moisturizing is the last step in your acne skin care regime at home. Use of topical medications usually brings side effects such as dryness, redness and even irritations sometimes. Therefore, you should choose a moisturizer that is soothing, lightweight and not too greasy.
Moisturizers can be in cream or oil form, depending on your preferences. You should avoid products containing silicon. Regarding skin conditioner, products rich of linoleic will be the most appropriate, because they can be easily absorbed and more suitable for acne skin.
You should apply these above steps in the evening. In the morning, you just need mildly cleansing and can skip the special treatment step. However, remember to add an indispensable step in the daylight: sunscreen! Choose a sunscreen product with an ideal SPF between 30-50 and PA +++. Be noticed that the higher SPF does not mean the higher level of skin protection. It is more important that you apply the proper dosage and re-apply after about 2 hours outdoors.