How does diet affect the risk of breast cancer?

2015

Diet habits are often said to affect the risk of cancer. Now, a large long-term study confirms the role of rich fruit diets and vegetables in reducing the risk of breast cancer.

A major study published in the BMJ magazine this year shows that people integrating many superfood processing into their diet have the higher risk of cancer.

This may suggest that eating a healthy diet can operate, at a certain extent, in a protective way.

How does diet affect the risk of breast cancer?

In the past, some studies believe that eating lots of fruits and vegetables can reduce the risk of a person’s breast cancer. Others, however, have argued that proof of support for the association remains unconvinced.

But recently, a group of researchers from Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health in Boston, MA, have conducted a large, long-term research, investigating the relationship detail between fruits and vegetables in a person’s diet and risk breast cancer.

This new study not only suggests that eating lots of fruits and vegetables can reduce the risk of breast cancer – and the risk of developing positive tumors, not least – but it also explains how much fruit and vegetables should be eaten in an ideal way each day to offset the risk.

“Although studies have previously proposed a connection between the diet rich in vegetables and risk of cancer, they are limited to strength, especially for specific fruits and vegetables and breast cancer subtypes.” , the first author Maryam Farvid noted.

“This study provides the most complete picture of the importance of consuming fruit and vegetables to breast cancer prevention.”

Findings of research can be read in the International Journal of Cancer.

Importance of fruits and vegetables
Farvid and colleagues have gathered data related to diet and health from female participants in two major population studies: 88,301 women from medical research by nurses (started in 1980) and 93,844 women. ).

How does diet affect the risk of breast cancer?

The crawl of the eating habits of the participants collected through the questionnaire is filled in 4 years, while information related to other risk factors for breast cancer – including age, body weight, smoking habits and family history with cancer for many years.
Analysis of researchers said that women who eat more than half a half the fruits and vegetables daily have decreased 11% of the risk of developing breast cancer, compared to women eating two and a half parts or under vegetables.

Specifically, a serving consisted of a cup of raw vegetable, half cup of raw vegetables or cooked or half-raw fruit or ripening.

Farvid and the research team also want to know whether to eat fruits and vegetables that involve varying levels of risk in different types of breast cancer. To achieve this, they also conduct analysis of differential data, separating the type of cancer according to the receptor state and sub-classification.

Reducing the risk of malignant tumour cancer
Researchers have been able to observe a diet rich in fruits and vegetables seem to be concerned with the risk of reducing the risk of developing cancer tumors, growing and spreading rapidly and often resistant to infusion treatments as chemotherapy.

These include breast cancer for estrogen receptors, breast cancer enriched HER2, and basic varieties of cancer, similar to a type of positive tumor: triple-negative

Farvid and colleagues have conducted a study indicating that high fiber intake involves reducing the risk of breast cancer. However, this study suggests that the protective effect associated with fruits and vegetables is independent of their fiber content.

So what does this mean? According to researchers, this suggests that fruits and vegetables contain other nutrients, such as antioxidants that can contribute to the cancer risk offset.

“While a diet with a lot of fruits and vegetables are combined with many other health benefits, our results can provide more motivation for women to increase fruit and vegetable food ” , senior author Heather Eliassen said.